Kurdish parties in northern Syria declare the establishment of a federal system in areas they control. Turkey and the United States had warned this risks further destabilizing the already war-ravaged country. The move was criticized by the government of Syria.
The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces requests urgent air support from the United States, and a no-fly zone over northern Syria to protect it from Turkish air raids. U.S. President Donald Trump has ordered U.S. forces to not intervene in the conflict.
U.S. Senator Lindsey Graham strongly criticizes President Trump's decision, describing the event as "a big win for Iran and Assad [and] a big win for ISIL". Former American envoy Brett McGurk mentions the 60,000 SDF-held ISIL detainees, saying that the State Department and inspectors general at the Department of Defense warn they are the "nucleus for a resurgent ISIL".