The Indian Space Research Organization loses contact with "Vikram" moments before its planned soft landing on the Moon. India would have been the fourth nation to have explored the lunar surface, had "Vikram" successfully landed, and it would have deployed the "Pragyan" rover onto the surface.
A strong 7.9 earthquake strikes between the Nepalese capital Kathmandu and the regional headquarter city of Pokhara. The Government of Nepal declares a state of emergency with 1500 dead. A number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites are destroyed, including the historic Dharahara tower. Deaths are also recorded in India, Bangladesh and the Chinese province of Tibet.
India chooses two European fighters for a key $11 billion military contract, ignoring lobbying from United States president Barack Obama, with United States Ambassador to India Timothy J. Roemer saying he is "deeply disappointed". Roemer resigns from his post.