The University of Oxford announces a major breakthrough in the vaccination campaign against malaria. The R21-Matrix-M vaccine has been administered to over 450 children in Burkina Faso and proved to have a "high-level efficacy" of around 77%. Malaria currently kills an estimated 400,000 people per year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa.
A team of British and Kenyan scientists announce the discovery of Microsporidia MB, a parasitic microbe in the Microsporidia fungi group that blocks mosquitos from carrying malaria. While acknowledging they need to understand how the microbe spreads and how it blocks the disease, the team believes it has potential to be used in malaria control.
A study, published in the journal "Science", finds a genetically enhanced fungus that produces spider toxin can rapidly kill huge numbers of the mosquitoes that spread malaria. Trials held in Burkina Faso showed mosquito populations collapsed by 99% within 45 days. The fungus did not affect other insects, such as bees.