US federal judge Joseph Louis Tauro, in two separate cases, rules that a federal ban against gay marriage is unconstitutional, as it interferes with a state's right to define marriage.
The Oregon Court of Appeals upholds a $135,000 fine against the owners of Sweet Cakes by Melissa in "Sweet Cakes by Melissa v. Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries" for refusing to make a wedding cake for a same-sex couple. A similar case, "Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission" has reached the Supreme Court of the United States with a decision expected in June 2018.
Federal District Judge Gonzalo Curiel unseals documents requested by "The Washington Post" that had been filed with the court in connection with pending civil cases against Trump University, a former business of the Republican Party's presumptive presidential nominee Donald Trump. The judge noted that Trump's candidacy has increased interest in these cases, and that Trump's comments "... (have) placed the integrity of these court proceedings at issue."
The United States Department of Justice states that it will appeal a decision by United States federal judge Royce C. Lamberth to block an executive order by President Barack Obama to expand embryonic stem cell research.