Elena Kagan is sworn in as the fourth woman to sit on the Supreme Court of the United States.
Sources: The New York Times
Sources: The New York Times
The court rules in "Trump v. Vance" that prosecutors in New York can seek President Donald Trump's financial records in a major case on the scope and limits of presidential power, but also ruled in "Trump v. Mazars USA, LLP" that lower courts had not properly assessed the separation of powers between Congress and the President when the House of Representatives attempted to similarly subpoena his tax returns.
The U.S. Supreme Court rules in a 5–4 decision that the rescission of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) policy was "arbitrary and capricious" under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and reversed the order rescinding it. Chief Justice John Roberts casts the deciding vote, along with the four liberal Justices. [https:--www.npr.org-2020-06-18-829858289-supreme-court-upholds-daca-in-blow-to-trump-administration (NPR)]Immigration to the United States
The U.S. Supreme Court rules, in a 5–4 decision, the Virginia legislative districts that the court previously said were racially gerrymandered, have to remain in their redrawn form. Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan, Clarence Thomas and Neil Gorsuch make up the majority, not the usual conservative-liberal grouping.
The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the North Carolina state legislative members do not have standing to request an appeal of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit ruling against a law which it found discriminated against black voters.
In a 6–2 decision ("NLRB v. SW General, Inc"), the U.S. Supreme Court puts new restrictions on presidential powers, limiting a president's authority to staff certain top government posts in a case involving an appointment to the National Labor Relations Board saying that under the Federal Vacancies Reform Act, a person cannot serve as the acting head of a federal agency once the president nominates him or her to permanently serve in the role if it is a position that requires U.S. Senate confirmation. The court upholds a lower court's ruling that then-President Barack Obama exceeded his legal authority with his temporary appointment of an NLRB general counsel in 2011. The ruling will give President Donald Trump and future presidents less flexibility in filling jobs that require Senate confirmation.
The Supreme Court of the United States strikes down a law that would have required abortion clinics in Texas to upgrade in order to meet new "hospital-like" standards. Supporters of abortion rights said that the proposed law would force nearly all abortion clinics in the state to shut down, while their opponents argued for women's health benefits.
The U.S. Supreme Court, in a 4–3 decision, upholds the University of Texas's practice of considering race in college admissions. Justice Elena Kagan recused herself for prior work on the case as United States solicitor general.
The U.S. Supreme Court agrees to hear certain major religious freedom cases that will decide whether a company that is for-profit (including family-run ones)- and other entities who are not themselves churches- can refuse to provide contraceptive coverage that would otherwise be required under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; lower courts are split.