After six years, Google reaches a deal with a publishing group that opposed its scanning and publishing of books online.
Negotiators for the European Commission and the United States agree on a pact protecting data transfers across the North Atlantic by companies such as Google and Amazon, imposing on such companies certain privacy shield obligations.
Google will pay a $7 million penalty to settle an investigation into the collection of e-mails, passwords and other sensitive information sent over wireless networks from 2007–2010 in the United States. Google company cars taking street-level photos for its online mapping service also had been vacuuming up personal data transmitted over wireless networks that weren't protected by passwords.
Britain's privacy watchdog is to investigate Google once again, charging it with gathering personal information from private wi-fi networks. Google admits collecting details such as passwords and e-mails.