The United Nations appoints a three-member panel led by Australian High Court judge Michael Kirby to investigate alleged human rights breaches in North Korea.
Australia and Canada deploy surveillance aircraft to Japan to monitor ship-to-ship transfers between North Korean vessels that bypass United Nations sanctions. The aircraft join a warship already deployed by the United Kingdom.
UN General Secretary Ban Ki-moon warns that the crisis may soon become "uncontrollable". The Commander of the United States Pacific Command Samuel J. Locklear describes the situation as a threat to the U.S but states that North Korean missiles will not be destroyed, unless a serious threat.
The United Nations General Assembly approves the first Arms Trade Treaty to regulate the multi-billion-dollar global trade in conventional arms with 154 votes in favor, three member states – Iran, North Korea and Syria – against the decision, and 23 abstentions.