Reuters reports that the former defense minister of Syria, Ali Habib Mahmud, has defected to Turkey.
The UN accuses both the Syrian government and, to a lesser extent, the rebels of war crimes. Out of 9 massacres they investigated, 8 were attributed to the Syrian Army. The remaining massacre was attributed to insurgents.
Opposition activists report at least 128 deaths around the country, as the UN-brokered ceasefire appears to collapse. The Syrian Army bombards three Damascus districts and the city of Bara near Idlib, killing at least 22 people. [http:--edition.cnn.com-2012-10-28-world-meast-syria-civil-war-index.html?hpt=hp_t2 (CNN)] [http:--www.trust.org-alertnet-news-syria-air-force-bombs-cities-truce-practically-over- (Reuters)]date=August 2019