Luxembourg's Viviane Reding, Finland's Olli Rehn, Italy's Antonio Tajani and Poland's Janusz Lewandowski step down as EU commissioners in order to take office as newly elected members of the European Parliament.
Sources: EU Observer
Sources: EU Observer
Russian gas supplies via the Yamal–Europe pipeline fall almost 77% in a single day, raising European gas prices to an all-time high. European Parliament lawmakers request investigations of market manipulation, although Gazprom's exports outside the former Soviet Union rose 15.3% year on year in the first nine months of 2021 and German utility Uniper confirms that Russia was fulfilling its contractual obligations.
The European Parliament votes 578–29 to pass a 28-point nonbinding resolution condemning the tightening restrictions on the press in Hong Kong following the shutdown of the pro-democracy tabloid "Apple Daily". The resolution also calls for the European Commission to take punitive actions in response, such as sanctioning officials responsible for drafting and enforcing the national security law, and refusing invitations to the Beijing Winter Olympics next year.
The European Parliament votes to strip Carles Puigdemont, Toni Comín, and Clara Ponsatí of their parliamentary immunity, allowing Spanish prosecutors to extradite them to Spain and prosecute them for sedition and embezzlement.
Hungary's ruling party Fidesz withdraws from the conservative European Parliament bloc European People's Party (EPP), after the EPP changed its rules to allow it to expel a party's entire delegation. Fidesz's membership had been suspended since 2019 after it accused then-European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and philanthropist George Soros of conspiring to "flood" Europe with migrants during a national campaign.
The European Parliament elects Ursula von der Leyen of Germany as the new President of the European Commission. Succeeding Jean-Claude Juncker, she will be sworn in on 1 November 2019. She is the first woman to be elected to this office in EU history.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan threatens to open Turkey's borders to allow refugees and migrants to reach Europe after the European Parliament votes to temporarily freeze talks of Turkey's accession to the EU.