Ethiopian prime minister
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed wins the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to make peace between Ethiopia and neighbouring Eritrea.
The United Kingdom urges its citizens to leave Ethiopia and warns against all travel to the country amid fears that rebel forces will attack Addis Ababa and overthrow the Abiy Ahmed government.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed calls on "all eligible citizens" to join the armed forces to "stop the Tigray forces once and for all" and for all Ethiopians to "show patriotism" in this moment. Abiy had promised a swift victory when the war broke out in late 2020, but this changed in June when Tigrayan forces recaptured the region and advanced further into other regions.
Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed admits for the first time that Eritrean troops entered Ethiopia's Tigray Region and fought the rebel Tigray People's Liberation Front, and that they may have been involved in war crimes. Abiy says that Eritrean forces promised to leave the region as soon as Ethiopia's military was able to "control the border".
Amnesty International reports that massacres are taking place in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia after a conflict broke out last week. Amnesty cites witnesses blaming the Tigray People's Liberation Front for the "horrific tragedy" taking place as airstrikes continue to hit the region after Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed blamed the political group of committing war crimes. Amnesty's report could not identify the perpetrators of the massacres.
The Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) launches a surprise attack on the Northern Command of the federal army of Ethiopia, resulting in multiple casualties and the capture of 5 federal military bases in Tigray Region including the Northern Command headquarters. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed orders a military response, saying that the "last red line has been crossed". Later in the day, federal troops enter the region and heavy fighting is reported.
Citizens in Tigray Region, Ethiopia begin casting their votes for a local election, defying the central government and increasing political tensions. Tigray's authorities object the postponement of the August general election and the time of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in office, and say that any intervention by the government would amount to a "declaration of war".
An 18th-century Ethiopian ceremonial crown, one of the 20 in existence, is returned to Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. It was discovered in the Netherlands in 1998, and was held by Dutch authorities until now so it could be returned when the country was more politically stable.
Ethiopian police report on Friday that the death toll from violent protests in Oromia Region was 67, including five officers. The protests started on Wednesday when protestors accused Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of acting dictatorial, but they quickly degenerated into ethnic clashes.
Leaders from Eritrea and Ethiopia officially declare an end to their countries' 20-year border conflict.
The Ethiopia Federal Police Commission announces the arrests of 30 people suspected of involvement in a bombing of a rally for Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. The attack killed two and injured 156. The United States announces the deployment of FBI specialists to assist the probe.