The Turkish Air Force launches a series of airstrikes against the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and Syrian Army positions in Northern Syria, and the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in Iraqi Kurdistan following the Istanbul bombing, which Ankara blames on Kurdish separatists. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reports that at least 35 people were killed, including 18 SDF fighters and 16 Syrian troops.
Dozens of displaced civilians from al-Khafse and nearby villages in the countryside of Manbij gather in the village of Arbaa al-Kabir to protest against the Bashar al-Assad government, demanding the removal of pro-Assad forces from their villages and calling for the intervention of the Syrian Democratic Forces after accusing regime forces of looting houses and threatening residents.
CJTFOIR deploys U.S. forces near Manbij to "reassure Coalition" members and to "deter aggression." This comes days after the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces' Manbij Military Council agreed to hand over territory west of Manbij to the Syrian Army to create a buffer zone between the SDF and Turkish-backed rebels.
The U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces' Manbij Military Council, "after reaching a new alliance with Russia," hands over a vast expanse of territory west of Manbij to the Syrian Army to create a buffer zone between the SDF and Turkish-backed rebels.