Russian jets strike gas facilities in the town of Sarmada, Idlib Governorate, near the border with Turkey, and strike Qah with a surface-to-surface missile, according to the Turkish Ministry of National Defense. Turkey says it has sent a statement to Russia asking for the attacks to stop immediately.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says the U.S. will impose "the strongest sanctions in history" on Iran if it does not meet various demands, including ending its nuclear program and leaving the Syrian Civil War.
A U.S. F-A-18E Super Hornet shoots down a Syrian Arab Air Force warplane after it had dropped bombs near Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) fighters in Raqqa Governorate, according to United States Central Command. The Syrian Armed Forces says its jet was on a combat mission against ISIL.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reports that airstrikes have killed at least seven people in Aleppo.
Government forces conduct air raids against rebels south of Damascus, as well as in Aleppo, with local observers reporting dozens of deaths, including children.
International charity Save The Children warns that 200,000 Syrian refugee children are at risk as winter sets in the Middle East.
Retired Major-General Vladimir Kuzheyev, a Russian military adviser to the Syrian government, rejects the rebel claims of his death in clashes outside Damascus.